Australia hosts a rich biodiversity. Compared to other regions of the world, it has a unique wildlife. Endemic animals roam freely in the wild. Some of them are Australia’s cultural icons such as the kangaroos, koalas, and emus.
These native animals can be categorized into mammals, marsupials, monotremes, birds, reptiles, and marine animals.
Native mammals include the dingoes or wild dogs, numbats, quolls, and Tasmanian devils. Dingoes are the largest carnivorous mammals that populate the wilds of mainland Australia. But the smaller numbats and Tasmanian devils, which are house cat-like size can be seen only in wildlife parks. You can also spot them in the wilds of Tasmania.
The critically endangered quolls are hard to find in the wilds. But with little luck, you can spot them in the rainforests of south-eastern Australia.
The marsupials or pouched animals have been inhabiting Australia for thousands of years. There are over 140 species of marsupials in the region. They include the kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, and wombats.
Kangaroos and wallabies alone have 55 different native species. These species that vary in size and weight. The native koalas have been the most favourite of the marsupials. Tourists around the world travel to Victoria just to see the lazy but cuddly koalas. The stout wombats are also pretty common.
Monotremes are egg-laying mammals that you cannot find in any other places in the world except in Australia. The platypus, which is the most elusive mammal species in the world, lives along waterways and lakes. It a bill like a duck’s and a furry waterproofed body with webbed feet. They dig burrows in riverbanks.
Echidnas are spiny anteaters with a coat like a porcupine’s. You can spot these monotremes in the wilds of Southern Australia, particularly in Kangaroo Island.
Australia is also home to over 800 species of native birds, ranging from tiny honeyeaters to giant emus.
Emus graze in the wilds, woodlands, and grasslands; cassowaries are a common sight in tropical rainforests. Kookaburras live in open woodlands and lyrebirds sing their beautiful tunes in the wilds of southeast Queensland.
Little penguins are the most famous on Phillip Island. The island is also the natural habitat of the endemic flying foxes.
Parrots abound in Australia of which there are 55 species of them live in the wilds. There are several varieties of cockatoos, rosellas, lorikeets, cockatiels, parakeets, and budgerigars in the woodlands. They can also be found in rural and urban areas.
Australia records to have the most number of venous snakes, 21 of the world’s 25. Two species of freshwater crocodile and estuarine or saltwater crocodile can be found only in the region.
Six out of the seven species of marine turtles can be found in Australia. They are the flatback turtle, green turtle, hawksbill turtle, leatherback turtle, loggerhead turtle and olive ridley turtle. Australia also hosts native lizards, dragons, goannas, and thorny devils.
Wildlife Tours will bring you to the right places in Victoria to see Australia’s diverse varieties of endemic animals. Most of these wild animals are found in the Otways, the Grampians, Phillip Island, and Kangaroo Island among many other places.
Along the Great Ocean Road, the Otways is home to almost all of Australia’s wildlife including echidnas and the ever-elusive platypus. You can have a chance to spot a platypus at Lake Elizabeth.
Kangaroos and wallabies are a common sight as well as the koalas. The best place to see koalas in the wild is Cape Otway where you can see them on the forks of eucalyptus trees. The open woodlands and the wetlands of the Otways are home to hundreds of varieties of birds from peregrine falcons to the lovely parakeets. In the town of Lorne, friendly cockatoos will welcome you.
In the Grampians, Halls Gap is ground zero of kangaroos, wallabies, emus, cassowaries, wombats, and other native animals. The Grampians hosts Australia’s endemic animal species including the varieties of crustaceans that can be found only in the area.
Phillip Island is home to the famous penguin parade and the Australian fur seals. Summerland Beach is a colony of blue-plumaged little penguins while Seal Rocks off the Nobbies is fur seals territory.
If you wish to peek at Australia’s wonderful native wildlife, Wildlife Tours Australia will always be there to assist you.
By Kelvene Requiroso, content writer and member of the SEO team of the Melbourne-based Get Lost Travel Group.